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HOUDON, Jean-Antoine


Versailles, Yvelines 1741 - Paris 1828


Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

20th century cast made from 1778 original

plaster

bust

Dimensions (HxWxD): 23 x 13 x 15 in.

Acc. No.: 1923-9

Photo credit: © Thomas Jefferson Foundation at Monticello

© Artist:


Provenance

  • cast made from original at the Boston Athenaeum

Bibliography

  • Monticello's website, Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia, August 20, 2015
  • 1993 Stein
    Susan R. Stein, The Worlds of Thomas Jefferson at Monticello, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, published by Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993, p. 220

Related works

  • Plaster bust bought in France by Jefferson, present whereabouts unknown.

Comment

  • Monticello's website, Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia, August 20, 2015:
    Jefferson served with Franklin, the senior statesman of the Continental Congress, in Philadelphia in 1775, calling him "the greatest man and ornament of the age and country in which he lived." He was a printer, author, inventor, statesman, scientist, and diplomat, and these accomplishments could not have failed to impress Jefferson.
    Franklin's popularity in France increased French support for American independence. His image was well known and appeared in engravings and even in jewelry. Later, when Jefferson succeeded Franklin as minister to France in 1784, he said: "The succession to Doctor Franklin, at the court of France, was an excellent school of humility. On being presented to any one as the minister of America, the commonplace question used in such cases was "c'est vous, Monsieur, qui remplace le Docteur Franklin"? It is you, sir, who replace Doctor Franklin?' I generally answered, 'no one can replace him, sir; I am only his successor."
    This portrait of Franklin is one of two completed by Houdon. Franklin first sat for Houdon in 1778 and again in 1782, or later. In the earlier portrait Franklin is clothed in simple Quaker dress; in the later work Franklin is classically draped. The earlier bust, whose size and treatment matches the other Houdon busts acquired by Jefferson, is probably the one that Jefferson selected for Monticello.
    (Article based on Stein, Worlds, p. 220)